What is Software Quality Assurance?

Take a moment to reflect on your own past experiences. There have probably been times when an unexpected software bug, unanticipated interruption, or another issue frustrated you while attempting to complete a project. Many can also relate to the frustration associated with using slow, difficult-to-navigate, or flawed software.

What if there was a process that could take the guesswork out of your projects and help you provide smooth, high-quality, functional, and secure software solutions? This process exists and according to a survey, 99% of respondents believe it's crucial.

To better understand the Quality Assurance process, we must first understand the following:

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What Is Quality Assurance?

Quality assurance testing, or QA testing, is a vital step in the software development cycle. But what do these two words really mean, and what weight do they carry when used together?

Let’s break down the phrase “quality assurance” before we delve deeper into how this process works and what are its best practices.

Quality: Quality’s essence lies in meeting the customer’s expectations and demands. This refers to the highest level of “quality” your firm is capable of providing. Assurance: A statement of confidence in a method, product, or service. This part simply means that an organization makes sure the best products and services are delivered. Thus, it would be best to define Quality Assurance or QA as assessing the quality of any system or its individual parts to ensure compliance with specifications and client requirements.

Now it’s time to learn about Quality Assurance in Software and outline some of its best practices.

Quality Assurance in Software

Software quality assurance ensures that IT products meet all business requirements in addition to users' requirements and detects any bugs or errors that may arise.

Although the purpose of software quality assurance seems to be to evaluate software on the basis of functionality, efficiency, and flexibility, software QA is not only about the quality of the software itself. As part of a quality assurance test, the process of designing, assessing, and releasing the software should be evaluated as well.

An effective QA process ensures all members of a project team collaborate better, leading to shorter development times and lower costs. Check out these best practices for ensuring your QA process is effective.

Best Practices for Quality Assurance

It is imperative to implement an effective QA management system with tools and techniques to build bug-free products. Let’s discuss some of the best practices to improve QA testing.

Your quality assurance (QA) testing methodology ought to include manual testing as well as automated testing. Each aspect and stage of the product should be tested using the appropriate test type. While the cloud provides a great space for team collaboration and communication, it’s not ideal for software development and testing. In order to test their software, developers need to have a secure environment away from the internet for testing. Test processes should be well-planned, defined, and documented. Effective planning entails the creation of quality and test plans for a project, which is intended to assist project managers and provide structure by specifying roles, tasks, and expected quality levels. The Process of QA Testing

The Process of QA Testing

In an exemplary QA process, all stages of the software development cycle are covered, from analysis of requirements to ongoing support. To set up a thorough, inclusive Quality Assurance system, it is necessary to understand the stages involved.

Analysis of Requirements

It is impossible to get a project off the ground without a clear set of requirements. A QA specialist examines functional and non-functional aspects of the software to determine the scope of the project in addition to the software's specific characteristics so the QA process can be established.

In the end, the analysis must provide a set of clearly defined, coherent, detailed, and measurable requirements. The phases are not separated as such, but requirements could be altered at any time during the development process. Therefore, it is recommended to gather as many requirements as possible so they can be properly documented.

Test Plan

Test planning is based on the information obtained from the requirements analysis stage. As part of the test planning process, you need to answer certain questions including what needs to be tested, how the test should be conducted, and who will conduct the test.

Test Design

In this phase, the goal is to determine how the test should be conducted. Here, test cases or test scenarios are created, according to what’s most appropriate for the project. Furthermore, the QA department maintains a record of the test scenarios and collects test data as required.

Test and Report Defects

After your application build becomes available, you can begin to find bugs in it! It's now time to plan your tests and find as many bugs as possible. During the process, test scripts are run, updated, and maintained. To manage defects effectively, all bugs detected are recorded in a defect-tracking database.

Retest and Regression Tests

The retesting process involves checking test cases that have been found to contain bugs as they are being executed. This stage also involves gathering and measuring key performance indicators (for example, test time, code coverage, etc.) to continuously enhance the QA testing process.

Release Tests

In this phase, test execution is completed, but other activities like reporting test results (qualitative and quantitative), collecting test completion matrices following important KPIs, and analyzing test results.


Giving up scalability, stability, and security does not make sense if you want software, apps, or cloud-based services to make a positive impression on your customers. QA Testing Services are designed to identify and fix the root causes of these and other types of vulnerabilities at an early stage.

The correct application of the best practices along with pragmatic test automation can reduce testing time, bring software to market more quickly, and make development more efficient.

By working with PixelQA, a Software QA Company, you can rest assured that your software or app will leave your users happy, allowing you to focus on enhancements rather than basic app performance, security, or functionality